Defaults typically occur when the bond issuer or borrower is unable to pay interest or the principal sum to investors or lenders. Events of default are defined in terms and conditions of the transaction document. In case of defaults, the possible outcomes are debt restructuring, winding-up or judicial management. At Vistra, we provide services which involve covenant monitoring for identifying early stages of default; investor communication; and coordinating with external legal counsel for enforcing the security or any other legal action against the issuer or lender.
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The US Congress passed the Corporate Transparency Act in 2021 to create a beneficial ownership registry for US legal entities. The US Treasury Department’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network, or FinCEN, has recently issued final regulations on the act. The regulations clarify who must file information, what information they must submit and when they must file. FinCEN’s new reporting requirements go into effect 1 January 2024.
Regulators, customers, investors and employees are demanding that environmental, social and governance principles drive how organisations operate and what they report on.
To take advantage of the global talent pool, companies are increasingly offering stock equity to attract and retain employees. The equity is usually awarded at a low cost in a pre-IPO phase, and in some cases involves globally mobile employees. Granting stock options to expatriate employees can introduce important tax obligations and risks in the home and host countries that are sometimes not fully understood by multinational employers.